Moving Assembly Line
The year 1913 saw the introduction of one of the machine age's greatest technological innovations the moving assembly line for the manufacture of Ford automobiles. Ford is said to have gotten the idea for an assembly line from observing a Swiss watch manufacturer's use of the technology. Incidentally all Model- T Fords were painted black. Why? Because black paint dried the fastest. Before the-assembly line was introduced in August of that ear each auto chassis was assembled by one worker in about hours. Eight months later when the line was in its final form with each worker performing a small unit of work and the chassis being moved along the line me mechanically the average labor time per chassis was reduced to 93 minutes. This technological breakthrough coupled with the concepts of scientific management represents the classic application of labor specialization and still exists today in both manufacturing and service operations.