Lean Production and JIT Systems Operations Management Assignment Help

Lean Production and JIT Systems

Introduction

Just-In-Time (JIT) is an extremely basic concept but one that is vital in contemporary supply chain management. JIT sets out to cut expenses by reducing the portion of products and materials a company keeps in stock. JIT involves:

- Parts 'just in time' to enter into partly finished goods

Lean Production and JIT Systems

Lean Production and JIT Systems

- Partially finished items 'in the nick of time' to be assembled into completed goods

- making and delivering finished goods 'just in time' to be sold

- Materials 'just in time' to be made into parts.

The concept that underpins JIT is that production should be 'pulled through' rather than 'pressed through'. This indicates that production must be for particular consumer orders, so that the production cycle begins only when a client has put an order with the manufacturer. Establishing a JIT technique requires advanced preparation and significant experience in this field.

Just-In-Time is the crucial element in what is described lean production. Lean production is a philosophy and a method of working involving removing all types of waste (where waste is specified as anything that does not include value in the production procedure and supply chain).

The idea behind lean production originates from Japan where for several years supply chain supervisors have been seeking to eliminate 'muda' i.e. any activity which involves wasted effort, products and time. Excel is especially efficient in guaranteeing lean production since it is able to minimize 'muda' at every stage in the supply chain from creating efficient warehousing systems, to sophisticated tracking techniques in freight forwarding, establishing e-commerce links, and eliminating any inefficient processes at any phase of distribution.

An additional benefit of JIT is the positive aspect originated from removing lineside storage of parts and the associated "mess" which inhibits effective motions to/from the production line. By lowering the storage of parts at the assembly line, a maker is commonly able to increase the speed of the production line and produce more vehicles with the very same variety of resources, reducing the general system cost of production.

Lean production and "just in time," or JIT, are typically treated as two different expressions for the same thing; however they are not identical principles. Just-in-time manufacturing is focused on performance, while lean manufacturing is focused on using performance to add value for the customer. Just-in-time production can be practiced on its own or as one action in the lean production procedure.

Taiichi Ohno of the Toyota corporation developed a production system in which parts would be ordered in small amounts based on short-term needs. Toyota found that the just-in-time system reduced lead time on orders by one 3rd and reduced production expenses by 50 percent, and the system ultimately spread too many other businesses.

Just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing is a production model in which products are produced to fulfill need, not developed in surplus or in advance of need. The purpose of JIT production is to avoid the waste connected with overproduction, waiting and excess inventory, three of the 7 waste categories specified in the Toyota Production System (understood in North America as the lean production design).

Toyota embraced JIT in the Toyota Production System (TPS), as a way of getting rid of the 7 wastes. Nevertheless, it was not at the Ford Motor Company that Toyota representatives saw the JIT design in action. Ford had not yet fully carried out the JIT design when Toyota visited plants in the United States in 1956. It was at Piggly Wiggly, the first self-service grocery chain, that Toyota agents saw JIT showed which the model they based their system on was.

Connected with Japanese management techniques, just-in-time production (JIT) is a set of practices and concepts based on the viewpoint that firms ought to hold little or no inventory beyond that required for instant production or distribution. That is, a producer needs to receive raw materials or parts from its provider’s maybe just hours before they will be utilized in production, and the firm's output must be delivered to its clients as not long after completion as possible-- without holding onto a stock of either raw goods or finished items.

In practice, JIT has typically been revealed as a holistic management system focused on decreasing waste, making the most of cost performance, and protecting a competitive benefit. Thus, a variety of additional conditions are considered essential for the effective execution of JIT. These include small lot sizes, short setup and changeover times, reliable and reliable quality controls, and possibly many of all, developing the entire production process to decrease backups and make the most of the performance of human and device labor.

Lean manufacturing takes the principle of JIT and reconsiders it from the viewpoint of client value. The very first principle of lean production is that every step in the production process has to include something of value that the customer actually desires.

Just-in-time is a movement and idea that has actually acquired large acceptance in business neighborhood over the previous decade. As companies became increasingly more competitive and the pressures from Japans constant improvement culture, other firms were required to find innovative methods to cut expenses and contend. The idea behind JIT, or lean manufacturing, is to have the materials a firm requires at the specific minute that they are needed. In order to achieve this goal a company has to regularly be looking for ways to reduce waste and boost value. A current survey of senior production executives revealed that 71 % made use of some kind of JIT in their processes.

JIT is likewise referred to as lean production. A company driven by a JIT philosophy can enhance revenues and return on financial investment by reducing inventory levels, decreasing variability, enhancing product quality, minimizing production and delivery lead times, and minimizing setup expenses. With JIT (Lean) the whole manufacturing system, from buying to shop floor management, can be measured and controlled. The JIT (Lean) system is an effective management tool that could easily identify the success or failure of the production system.

Go into Lean, a concept that designs, produces, delivers and supports products more efficiently and at lower costs-- while systematically removing and recognizing waste-- all the way through the product life cycle. It makes use of a "just-in-time" system that gives internal and external consumers exactly what they desire, when they desire it, and at the most affordable possible expense.

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