Category Archives: Facility Decisions: Layouts

Product Layout

Product Layout When product demand is sufficiently high and sustainable over a long period of time it is usually cost effective to rearrange resources from a process layout to a product layout as defined by the sequence of steps required to make the product. We often call these assembly lines, although the ratio of direct manual labor to machine work can vary widely. Assembly lines can vary from virtually 100 p

Minimizing Interdependent Movement Costs

Consider the following simple example: Example: Suppose that we want to arrange the six departments of a toy factory to minimize the interdepartmental material handling cost. Initially, let us make the assumption that all departments have the same amount of space say 40 feet by 40 feet and that the building is 80 feet wide and 120 feet long (and thus compatible with the department dimensions). The first thing

Process Layout

Process Layout The most common approach for developing a process layout is to arrange departments consisting of similar or identical processes in a way that optimize  their relative placement. In many installations optimal placement often translate into placing departments with large amounts of interdepartmental traffic adjacent to one another. The primary goal in designing a layout for a manufacturing or dist

oration management in practice

IMPROVING A MANUFACTURING PROCESS USING PLANNING SOFTWARE A challenge many facilities planners face today is finding a way to quickly and effectively evaluate proposed layout changes and material handling systems so that the material handling costs and distances are minimized. This challenge was addressed during a three-day, on-site software training session conducted at an appliance manufacturer. The facili

managerial issues

managerial issues  Managers need to take many factors into consideration when determining which type of facility layout is most appropriate for their operations. This applies to both manufacturing and service operations alike. Product-oriented layouts like assembly lines, as we shall see, are highly efficient but tend to be very inflexible. Process-oriented layouts, on the other and are very flexible, in term

Types of Manufacturing Layouts

Types of Manufacturing Layouts There are three basic types of layouts that have been identified in manufacturing plants: (a) process layout. (b) product layout, and (c) fixed-position layout. In addition. there is one hybrid that is referred to as a group technology or cellular layout. which is a combination of process and product layouts. We discuss all of these in detail except for the fixed-position layout. A


TACO'S NEW FACTORY LAYOUT REDUCES INVENTORIES AND THROUGHPUT TIMES In the early 1990 , when John White Jr. became president of TACO he found the factory floor crammed with inventories and delivery times for products taking weeks and even months. Not coincidentally this was about the same amount of time it took for a product to make its way through the factory floor from beginning to end. The factory layout