Category Archives: Facility Decisions: Layouts

Fixed-Position Layout

Fixed-Position Layout Examples of fixed-position layouts in service include (a) an automobile repair shop (where all of the process such as brake repair oil change etc., typically take place in the  Same location) (b) an operating room in a hospital (where the patient remains in a given location on the operating table). and (e) a table at a restaurant where all of the different courses in a meal are brought to

Types of Service Layouts

Product Layout A good service example of a product layout is a cafeteria line Where all of the various stations (for example, salads hot and  old entrees. deserts and beverages) are arranged in a specific order and customer visit each station a the: move through the line.

Types of Service Layouts

Types of Service Layouts We use the three basic types of manufacturing facility layouts that were described earlier in this chapter as a framework for identifying the different types of layouts that exist in service operations. Process Layout The support services for an emergency room in a hospital offer a good. example of a process layout with radiology blood analysis and the pharmacy each being located in a

Facility Layouts for Services

Facility Layouts for Services The overall goal in designing a layout for a service facility from an operations perspective is to minimize travel time for workers and often also for customers when they are directly involved in the process. From a marketing perspective however  the goal is usually to maximize revenues. Frequently these two goals are in conflict with each other. It is therefore management's task t

Developing a GT Layout

Developing a GT Layout Shifting from process layout to a GT cellular layout entails three staps: 1. Grouping parts into families that follow a comrn,?n sequence of operations, which requires developing and maintaining a computerized parts classification and coding system. This is often a major expense with such systems although many companies have developed short-cut procedures for identifying parts-families. 2


HOW· FORD ACHIEVES FLEXIBILITY ON THE ASSEMBLY LINE Ford Motor Company’s assembly plant in Wixom, Michigan, provides another good example of how, with careful planning, several different products can be maQleon assembly lines. The Wixom plant produces the Mark VIII, the Uncoln Continental, and the Uncoln Town Car. To further com cat the situation, the Continental is a front-whee\. drive vehicle on a u

Group Technology (Cellular) Layout

Group Technology (Cellular) Layout A group technology (or cellular) layout allocates dissimilar machines into cells to work on products that have similar weights shapes. and processing requirements. Group technology (GT) layouts are now widely used in metal fabricating computer chip manufacture and assembly work The overall objective is to gain the benefits of product layout in job shop kinds of production. Thes

Current Thoughts on Assembly Lines

Current Thoughts on Assembly Lines It is true that the widespread use of assembly-line methods in manufacturing has dramatically increased output rates. Historically the focus almost always has been on full utilization of human labor that is, to design assembly lines minimizing human idle times. Equipment and facility utilization stood in the background as much less important. Past research tried to find optim

Assembly line balancing

Assembly line balancing An assembly line consists of a series of workstations each with a uniform time interval that is referred to as a takt time (which is also the time between successive units coming off the end of the line) At each workstation work is performed on a product by adding parts and/or by completing an assembly operation. The work performed at each station is made up of many tasks (also referred

Assembly Lines

Assembly Lines Assembly lines are a special case of product layout. In a general sense, the term assembly line refers to a progressive assembly linked by some type of material handling device. The usual assumption is that some form of pacing is present, and the allowable processing time is equivalent for all workstations. Within this broad definition, there are important differences among line types. A few of t